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Violencia psicológica hacia la mujer: ¿cuáles son los factores que aumentan el riesgo de que exista esta forma de maltrato en la pareja?

https://doi.org/10.18294/sc.2017.1145

Publicado December 14, 2017 Open Access


Ana Safranoff Doctora en Sociología. Investigadora posdoctoral, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET),  Centro de Estudios de Población (CENEP), Argentina. image/svg+xml



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Palabras claves:

Violencia contra la Mujer, Grupos de Riesgo, Prevención, Argentina


Resumen


A partir del análisis del Estudio nacional sobre violencias contra las mujeres, realizado en Argentina, en 2015, se identifican los factores de riesgo que incrementan la vulnerabilidad de las mujeres hacia el maltrato psicológico. Los resultados muestran que las mujeres más proclives a ser víctimas de este tipo de violencia en la pareja son quienes tienen menos educación, mayor edad, no trabajan por un salario, conviven con hijos en el hogar, se encuentran inmersas en relaciones menos “formales” en vínculos de mayor duración, están emparejadas con varones que tienen menos educación que ellas y/o tienen problemas con el alcohol y/o fueron víctimas o testigos de violencia durante su infancia. El artículo sugiere posibles estrategias de intervención para erradicar el maltrato, las cuales deben dirigirse, principalmente, a empoderar a las mujeres y reforzar su independencia respecto de la pareja. 


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