El estudio de la salud de los hombres desde una perspectiva de género: de dónde venimos, hacia dónde vamos

https://doi.org/10.18294/sc.2020.2246

Publicado 24 abril 2020 Open Access


Jorge Marcos-Marcos Doctor en Estudios de Género. Docente Investigador, Grupo de investigación de Salud Pública, Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, España. image/svg+xml , José Tomás Mateos Doctor en Ciencias de la Salud. Investigador Postdoctoral, Departamento de Enfermería y Fisioterapia, Facultad de Enfermería y Fisioterapia, Universidad de Lleida, Lleida, España. image/svg+xml , Àngel Gasch-Gallén Doctor en Ciencias de la Salud. Departamento de Fisiatría y Enfermería, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, España. image/svg+xml , Carlos Álvarez-Dardet Catedrático de Salud Pública. Docente Investigador, Grupo de Investigación de Salud Pública, Instituto Universitario de Investigación de Estudios de Genero, Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, España.
Investigador, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Madrid, España.

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Palabras clave:

Género y Salud, Salud de los Hombres, Masculinidades, Salud Pública


Resumen


Llevar a cabo un análisis más integral y profundo de las diferencias y desigualdades en salud requiere de una aproximación más amplia al estudio de las masculinidades y la salud de los hombres en el momento actual. Estamos ante un tema cuyo interés ha ido a la par de la creciente preocupación por los riesgos y vulnerabilidades específicas de los hombres, pero también de la necesidad de involucrarlos en programas con capacidad de promover cambios positivos en el orden de género hacia la equidad en salud. Este artículo resitúa este campo dentro de la salud pública, proporcionando una visión amplificada sobre la salud de los hombres dentro del debate de los determinantes sociales de la salud y el análisis de las desigualdades. Sobre la base de un enfoque relacional de género, se formulan una serie de recomendaciones orientadas a las políticas y la investigación, que consideramos pueden contribuir a avanzar en el estudio y el desarrollo de programas desde una perspectiva de género en salud.


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