Análisis de la distribución espacial de los accidentes de transporte terrestre atendidos por el Servicio Móvil de Urgencia (SAMU-192), en un municipio de la región nordeste de Brasil

https://doi.org/10.18294/sc.2018.1211

Publicado 11 abril 2018 Open Access


Cristine Viera do Bonfim Doctora en Salud Pública. Investigadora titular, Fundação Joaquim Nabuco Profesora, Programa de Pós-Graduação en Saúde Coletiva, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. image/svg+xml , Aline Galdino Soares da Silva Diseñadora Gráfica. Núcleo en Geoprocesamiento, Secretaria de Saúde. Olinda, Pernambuco, Brasil. image/svg+xml , Weinar Maria de Araújo Estudiante de Enfermería. Universidade de Pernambuco. Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. image/svg+xml , Carmela Alencar Estudiante de Maestría. Profesora, Fundação de Ensino Superior de Olinda. Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. , Betise Mery Alencar Furtado Doctora en Ciencias. Profesora Adjunta, Universidade de Pernambuco. Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil image/svg+xml




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Palabras clave:

Accidentes de Tránsito, Servicios Médicos de Urgencia, Análisis Espacial, Brasil


Resumen


Se describen las características epidemiológicas de las víctimas de accidentes de transporte terrestre atendidas por el Servicio Móvil de Urgencia (SAMU-192) y se localizan las áreas de mayor densidad de accidentes en el municipio de Olinda (Pernambuco, Brasil). Se empleó la estimación de densidad kernel para la detección de aglomerados espaciales de accidentes. En 2015 se registraron 724 accidentes. El 73,48% de las personas afectadas fueron del sexo masculino, y de entre 20 y 39 años de edad. Hubo un predominio de los accidentes con motocicletas (54,97%). Los aglomerados de accidentes se localizaron en las principales vías de tránsito y, los atropellamientos, cercanos a las terminales de ómnibus. El análisis espacial se mostró como un instrumento relevante para la identificación de los aglomerados de accidentes y una aplicación eficaz de las medidas de prevención y la mejora en la seguridad del tránsito vehicular.


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