“Aquí (en Sídney) estamos perdidos”: estudio etnográfico de la satisfacción vital de aborígenes urbanos australianos participantes en un programa sociocomunitario

https://doi.org/10.18294/sc.2020.2553

Publicado 26 mayo 2020 Open Access


Juan Palomares-Cuadros Doctor en Educación Física. Investigador, Grupo HUM-727, Universidad de Granada, Granada, España. image/svg+xml , Jorge Marcos-Marcos Doctor en Estudios de Género. Docente, Departamento de Psicología de la Salud, Universidad de Alicante. Investigador, Grupo de Investigación en Psicología Aplicada a la Salud y Comportamiento Humano (PSYBHE), Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, España. image/svg+xml , Alfonso Marquina-Márquez Doctor en Antropología de la Salud. Profesor, Departamento de Sociología y Trabajo Social, Universidad de Valladolid, Valladolid, España. Investigador, Grupo de Investigación en Estudios Socioculturales Aplicados (SEJ208), Universidad de Granada, Granada, España. image/svg+xml




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Palabras clave:

Grupos Minoritarios, Calidad de Vida, Determinantes Sociales de la Salud, Inequidad Social, Australia


Resumen


Este estudio etnográfico fue diseñado para explorar las condiciones de vida de un grupo de familias aborígenes residentes en un contexto urbano, beneficiarias de un programa sociorecreativo en Sídney, Australia. El objetivo fue explorar la satisfacción vital mediante el análisis de sus condiciones de vida y del capital cultural inscrito en sus actitudes, percepciones y conocimientos establecidos. El trabajo de campo se estructuró en dos fases complementarias: en la fase 1, entre mayo de 2008 y diciembre de 2010, se inició con el ingreso del primer autor como voluntario en la asociación responsable del programa y, en la fase 2, entre enero de 2011 y febrero de 2013 se intensificó el proceso de observación participante y las entrevistas semiestructuradas. Los resultados muestran que el proceso de desarraigo cultural está en la base de las experiencias vitales de desigualdad social experimentadas y apunta a un efecto de cohorte que llega hasta nuestros días. Dicho proceso de (des)consonancia cultural debe ser tenido en cuenta como un factor clave a la hora de analizar las condiciones de vida y bienestar de estas minorías étnicas, así como a la hora de desarrollar programas e intervenciones.


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